Data Localisation

What is it?

Data localisation is securing and storing of data physically to ensure privacy limits within borders of the county. This will not help in preventing leakages but also increase the transparency of data of a country for its nation people and increase reliance of data.

In India the Data Protection Bill 2018 was introduced in the parliament. According to the Indian law, the right to privacy is a fundamental right which necessitates protection of personal data as an essential facet of informational privacy. The bill calls for establishment of a Data Protection Authority to take steps to protect interests of individuals, prevent misuse of personal data and to lay down norms for cross-border transfer of personal data. The Central Government shall notify categories of personal data as critical personal data that shall only be processed in a server or data centre located in India.

Many countries across the globe has already introduced and also implementing to protect there citizens and nation sovereignty. Some countries didn’t initiate programme regarding this such as China, U.S, Russia, Brazil and Indonesia.

Why it is needed?

1. To ensure people data is for them and not for outside world.

2. Increase the privacy of the country’s physical data and helpful in prevention of unnecessary plantation of terror attacks in the country like sleeper cells.

3. Data localisation can develop faith among users.

4. Need of an hour, as everything nowadays getting done in cheaper rates but it is necessary to safeguard own data too!

Advantages of Data localisation:

1. One time investment is better than lost privacy.

2. Reduce foreign surveillance in weakness of own country. Like India wants to have good relations with it’s neighbouring nations but some rival countries don’t want to corporate and can create situation by using it against the country.

3. Dynamism and easily accessible whenever needed.

4. Secured with password and two way authentication.

Disadvantages of Data localisation:

1. Due to its technical nature not everyone can easily access it.

2. It will increase the operational and maintenance cost by setting up because it involves huge investment.

3. Not all countries have such strict rules regarding privacy-sensitive information. Therefore, there is unrest in some countries because the citizens do not have the confidence in the government to properly handle the privacy-sensitive data of citizens and companies. If these countries were to obligate companies to store data domestically, this could cause more unrest.


Data localisation is needed in many ways but also no acceptable in many developed and developing nations. But country like India is taking step forward for sovereignty and integrity of data due to its future benefits and many diversified things that may actual happened in recent past and cannot be neglected as long as privacy of the nation is concerned.


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